Gender-based violence is any act of abuse committed against someone because of their gender. The United Nations defines it 'physical, sexual or psychological harm'. It can also include threats, stalking, cyber abuse, emotional, verbal, financial, cultural and reproductive coercion. It includes physical and non-physical acts that intimidate or create fear.
Sometimes it's a one-off event. For others, it is a pattern of abuse over a long period of time.
The context where abuse happens means that we use terms like domestic and family violence, lateral violence, domestic abuse, sexual assault, or workplace harassment.
Gender-based violence is a product of patriarchy - a system that benefits and prioritises men and does not give women the same opportunities. It shapes our family structures, systems of government, business, law and communities. It limits freedom and choice.